Little creatures, a big threat

Saudi Arabia joins the world in celebrating World Health Day on 7 April each year, it would be this small creatures ‘ day logo, big threat ‘, which every year chooses the theme highlights a public health priority and custom theme for the year 2014 is diseases Vector-borne and is most prevalent in Saudi Arabia are malaria, dengue fever, Rift Valley fever, leishmaniasis and schistosomiasis.

For her part, who explained that ‘ the most deadly vector-borne disease is malaria and that it had caused an estimated $660000 deaths in 2010, most of them African children, but the fastest growing vector-borne disease in the world is dengue, where disease incidence increased 3 0 times over the past 50 years, and has been for the globalization of trade, travel and environmental challenges, such as climate change and urbanization, the effect on the validity of vector-borne diseases, causing it to appear in countries where unknown.


According to the annual statistical Health Ministry of health book of the year 1433 h/2012 m total number of malaria cases in the Kingdom reported in 1433/2012 m rose by 22% higher than in 1432/2012 m averaging about 2788.

Regarding skin disease leishmaniasis 1464 was monitoring situation in most regions with significant disparity in infection rates in different regions where Qassim highest 28.23 reached 100000 people, each status report shows that peak skin leishmaniasis was during the winter of the year 1433 h/ 2012, the disease is endemic in 18 of 23 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean region one of which is Saudi Arabia.

According to the Saudi Ministry of health and World Health Organization, according to the annual statistical health book of the year 1433 h/2012 m was controlling schistosomiasis, successfully in the past 20 years in many countries, including Brazil, Cambodia, China, Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

In a report released by the National Center for health education and information of the Ministry of health explained that ‘ vectors are organisms transmit pathogens and parasites from person (or animal) infected, and vector-borne diseases often found in the tropics infested by insects Difficult access to drinking water and safe sanitation systems.

And about the seriousness of vector-borne diseases National Center report said that ‘ STDs via vectors are the most serious diseases and which unpredictable, as protection and control extremely difficult as infection may come back even after treatment and that objects are rooted in the environment Endo, and pointed to the gravity vector lies in its ability to transmit the disease to wider and faster than other diseases that require communication between a person and another to move, as the vectors are different organisms transmission (rats-rat-monkeys-birds-dogs, etc.) to humans and facilitates The spread of many serious diseases causing microorganisms, and to deal with those difficult diseases and protection require getting rid of a carrier.

The most prominent types of disease vectors report ‘ mosquitoes, flies (fly sand and black flies), ticks, bugs, snails carrying parasites, and highlight potential areas for the presence of disease vectors are ‘ utensils and planter with stagnant water and swimming pools, rainwater gathering places like games In the gardens, places and abandoned equipment, water tanks exposed in a bathroom or kitchen, flower pots with stagnant water, standing water due to the air conditioning and ventilation slots and rooftops, swimming pools and ponds and swamps, especially in agricultural areas, breeding pens Family, animals and unclean bedding may be a shelter to survive ‘.

Prominent among the preventive measures for protection from disease vectors is vector and the whereabouts of their larvae by spraying the way, bridge the swamps and marshes and getting rid of waste and prevent their accumulation, long-sleeved clothes and cover your legs in places aquatic insects and use Expelling creams her, put a narrow grille openings for doors and Windows to keep out insects, change the water in flower pots every two days with cleaning the pots inside, avoid traveling to places where insects transmitted diseases rampant as possible and ensure receiving vaccines or medications For prevention in case of need to travel as yellow fever or malaria like, not to swim in the pools or stagnant water, maintain personal hygiene and always use pure water for drinking or bathing.

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